The 2016 Census

Statistics Canada conducts a census every five years. The next Census of Population will take place in May 2016.

The census provides a statistical portrait of the country and its people. In Canada, it is mandatory for all residents to participate in the census.

Why is the census important?

The census collects demographic information on every man, woman and child living in Canada. Information from the census will be used by governments, businesses, associations, community organizations and many others to make important decisions for your community, your province or territory, and the entire country.

Census information is important for your community and is used in planning services such as schools, public transportation, senior housing and police and fire services.

Population estimates obtained from the census are used to allocate transfer payments from the federal government to the provinces and territories, and from the provinces to municipalities.

Who is included in the census?

The census includes every person living in Canada, as well as Canadians who are abroad, either on a military base, attached to a diplomatic mission, or at sea or in port aboard Canadian-registered merchant vessels. Persons in Canada – including those holding a temporary resident permit, study permit or work permit, and their dependents – are also part of the census.

The online 2016 Census

Starting on May 2, 2016, you can complete your census questionnaire online. It is an easy, secure and convenient option that can be used anywhere, anytime. No pre-registration or lengthy download processes are required.

Date modified: