Census test questions and reasons why the questions are asked

Important notice: This document is for reference purposes only. A 2024 Census Test questionnaire must be completed in English or in French, online or on paper. Multiple versions of the 2024 Census Test questionnaire are being tested and not all dwellings will be asked all questions.

Introduction

Statistics Canada has produced multiple formats of the questions that appear on the printed version of the 2024 Census Test questionnaire. This is not an official 2024 Census Test questionnaire, but it contains the same content. Page numbers of the questions found in this document will not match those appearing on the official questionnaire.

This document is for reference purposes only. You may use it to familiarize yourself with the content of the 2024 Census Test questionnaire; however, your answers to the questions must be submitted to Statistics Canada either online at www.census.gc.ca using the secure access code that was provided in the letter you received in the mail, or by completing and returning a paper questionnaire by mail. If using the paper questionnaire option, please print using capital letters.

If you have any questions or need help to complete a questionnaire, please call the Census Help Line at 1-833-835-2024. Respondents with access to TTY (a telecommunications device for deaf people) should call 1-833-830-3109.

This document includes the following two parts:

  • Part 1
    The first part contains the questions asked on the printed version of the long-form 2024 Census Test questionnaire. All information is collected under the authority of the Statistics Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. S-19.
  • Part 2
    The second part contains the reasons why Statistics Canada asks the questions and provides the important data requirements met by the questions.

Message from the Chief Statistician of Canada

Thank you for taking the time to participate in the 2024 Census Test. The information you provide is converted into statistics used by communities, businesses, and governments to plan services and make informed decisions about employment, schools, public transportation and hospitals.

Preparations for the 2026 Census have begun, and Statistics Canada is seeking your participation in this important test.

Your answers are collected under the authority of the Statistics Act and kept strictly confidential. By law, your household must complete a 2024 Census Test questionnaire.

Statistics Canada makes use of existing sources of information such as immigration, income tax and benefits data to ensure the least amount of burden is placed on households.

The information that you provide may be used by Statistics Canada for other statistical and research purposes or may be combined with other survey or administrative data sources.

Make sure you count yourself into Canada's statistical portrait, and complete your census test questionnaire today.

Thank you,

Anil Arora
Chief Statistician of Canada

Part 1
2A-L 2024 Census Test questions

Step A

1. What is your telephone number?

Write-in field: Telephone number

2. What is the address of this dwelling?

  • Write-in field: Number (and suffix, if applicable)
    For example, 302, 151 B, 16 1/2
  • Write- in field: Street name, street type, direction
    For example, DR = "Drive" or N = "North"
  • Write-in field: Apartment/unit
  • Write-in field: City, municipality, town, village, First Nations reserve
  • Write-in field: Province/territory
  • Write-in field: Postal code

3. What is the mailing address of this dwelling, if different from above?

  • Write-in field: Mailing address
    For example, Rural Route, P.O. Box, General Delivery

Step B

Whom to include in Step B

  • All persons who have their main residence at this address on May 14, 2024, including newborn babies, roommates and persons who are temporarily away
  • Canadian citizens, landed immigrants (permanent residents), persons who have claimed refugee status (asylum seekers), persons from another country with a work or study permit and family members living here with them
  • Persons staying at this address temporarily on May 14, 2024 who have no main residence elsewhere.

Where to include persons with more than one residence

  • CHILDREN IN JOINT CUSTODY should be included in the home of the parent where they live most of the time. Children who spend equal time with each parent should be included in the home of the parent with whom they are staying on May 14, 2024.
  • STUDENTS who return to live with their parents during the year should be included at their parents' address, even if they live elsewhere while attending school or working at a summer job.
  • SPOUSES OR PARTNERS TEMPORARILY AWAY who stay elsewhere while working or studying should be listed at the main residence of their family, if they return periodically.
  • PERSONS IN AN INSTITUTION for less than six months (for example, in a home for the aged, a hospital or a prison) should be listed at their usual residence.
1. Including yourself, how many persons usually live at this address on May 14, 2024?

Include all persons who have their main residence at this address, even if they are temporarily away.

  • Write-in field: Number of persons
2. Including yourself, list all persons who usually live here on May 14, 2024.

Important: Begin the list with an adult followed, if applicable, by that person's spouse or partner and by their children. Continue with all other persons who usually live at this address.

  • Write-in field: Person 1: Family name(s), Given name(s)
  • Write-in field: Person 2: Family name(s), Given name(s)
  • Write-in field: Person 3: Family name(s), Given name(s)
  • Write-in field: Person 4: Family name(s), Given name(s)
  • Write-in field: Person 5: Family name(s), Given name(s)
  • Write-in field: Person 6: Family name(s), Given name(s)
  • Write-in field: Person 7: Family name(s), Given name(s)
  • Write-in field: Person 8: Family name(s), Given name(s)
  • Write-in field: Person 9: Family name(s), Given name(s)
  • Write-in field: Person 10: Family name(s), Given name(s)

Step C

Did you leave anyone out of Step B because you were not sure the person should be listed?

For example, a student, a child in joint custody, a person temporarily away, a person who lives here temporarily, a resident from another country with a work or study permit, a refugee claimant, etc.

  • Response option 1: No
  • Response option 2: Yes Please refer to the instructions on page 3 to determine if this person should be listed. If they should be listed, please add them to step B.

Step D

Copy the names in Step B to question 1, at the top of page 4. (This reference applies only to the paper questionnaire)
Keep the same order.

If more than five persons live here, you will need an extra questionnaire; call 1-833-739-2024.

If this address is:

  • Response option 1: a SECONDARY RESIDENCE (for example, a cottage) for ALL PERSONS who stayed here on May 14, 2024 (all these persons have their main residence elsewhere in Canada), select this option. Print your name and your telephone number in the space provided. Do not answer other questions.
  • Response option 2: a DWELLING OCCUPIED ONLY BY RESIDENTS OF ANOTHER COUNTRY VISITING CANADA (for example, on vacation or on a business trip), select this option. Print your name and your telephone number in the space provided. Do not answer other questions.
  • Response option 3: the HOME OF A GOVERNMENT REPRESENTATIVE OF ANOTHER COUNTRY (for example, an embassy or a high commission) and family members, select this option. Print your name and your telephone number in the space provided. Do not answer other questions.
  • Write-in field: Name
  • Write-in field: Telephone number

Mail this questionnaire in the enclosed envelope today. If you have lost the return envelope, please mail the questionnaire to:

Statistics Canada
PO BOX 99994 STN FED-GOVT
Ottawa, K1A 9Z4

Demographic information

1. Name (applies to paper questionnaire only)

In the spaces provided, copy the names in the same order as in Step B. Then answer the following questions for each person.

  • Write-in field: Family name
  • Write-in field: Given name

The following questions refer to each person's situation on May 14, 2024, unless otherwise specified.

2. What was this person's sex at birth?

Sex refers to sex assigned at birth.

  • Response option 1: Male
  • Response option 2: Female
3. What is this person's gender?

Refers to current gender which may be different from sex assigned at birth and may be different from what is indicated on legal documents.

  • Response option 1: Male
  • Response option 2: Female
  • Write-in field: Or please specify this person's gender
4. What are this person's date of birth and age?

If the exact date of birth is not known, enter the best estimate. For children less than 1 year old, enter 0 for age.

  • Write-in field: Day
  • Write-in field: Month
  • Write-in field: Year          
  • Write in field: Age
5. What is this person's marital status?

Specify one option only.

  • Response option 1: Never legally married
  • Response option 2: Legally married (and not separated)
  • Response option 3: Separated, but still legally married
  • Response option 4: Divorced
  • Response option 5: Widowed
6. Is this person living with a common-law partner?

Common-law refers to two people who live together as a couple but who are not married, regardless of the duration of the relationship.

  • Response option 1: Yes
  • Response option 2: No
7. What is the relationship of this person to Person 1?

If none of the responses in the list describes this person's relationship to Person 1, then specify a response under "Other relationship".

Person 1

  • Not applicable

Person 2

  • Response option 1: Husband or wife of Person 1
  • Response option 2: Common-law partner of Person 1
  • Response option 3: Son or daughter of Person 1 only
  • Response option 4: Grandchild of Person 1
  • Response option 5: Son-in-law or daughter-in-law of Person 1
  • Response option 6: Father or mother of Person 1
  • Response option 7: Father-in-law or mother-in-law of Person 1
  • Response option 8: Brother or sister of Person 1
  • Response option 9: Foster child
  • Response option 10: Roommate, lodger or boarder
  • Write-in field: Other relationship—specify

Person 3-5

  • Response option 1: Son or daughter of both Persons 1 and 2
  • Response option 2: Son or daughter of Person 1 only
  • Response option 3: Son or daughter of Person 2 only
  • Response option 4: Grandchild of Person 1
  • Response option 5: Son-in-law or daughter-in-law of Person 1
  • Response option 6: Father or mother of Person 1
  • Response option 7: Father-in-law or mother-in-law of Person 1
  • Response option 8: Brother or sister of Person 1
  • Response option 9: Foster child
  • Response option 10: Roommate, lodger or boarder
  • Write-in field: Other relationship—specify
8. Can this person speak English or French well enough to conduct a conversation?

Specify one option only.

  • Response option 1: English only
  • Response option 2: French only
  • Response option 3: Both English and French
  • Response option 4: Neither English nor French
9. a) What language(s) does this person speak on a regular basis at home?
  • Response option 1: English
  • Response option 2: French
  • Write-in field: Other language(s)—specify

If this person indicates only one language in question 9. a), go to question 10.

9. b) Of these languages, which one does this person speak most often at home?

Indicate more than one language only if they are spoken equally at home.

  • Response option 1: English
  • Response option 2: French
  • Write-in field: Other language—specify
10. What is the language that this person first learned at home in childhood and still understands?

If the person no longer understands the first language learned, indicate the second language learned.

  • Response option 1: English
  • Response option 2: French
  • Write-in field: Other language—specify
11. Has this person ever served in the Canadian military?

Canadian military service includes service with the Regular Force or Primary Reserve Force as an Officer or Non-Commissioned Member. It does not include service with the Cadets (COATS), the Supplementary Reserve, or the Canadian Rangers.

Specify one option only.

  • Response option 1: Yes, currently serving in the Regular Force or the Primary Reserve Force
  • Response option 2: Yes, but no longer serving in the Regular Force or the Primary Reserve Force
  • Response option 3: No

The following questions collect information in accordance with the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms to support education programs in English and French in Canada.

12. Is this dwelling located in Quebec?
  • Response option 1: No Continue with question 13
  • Response option 2: Yes Go to question 16
13. Did this person do any of their primary or secondary schooling in French in Canada (including immersion)?

Specify one option only.

  • Response option 1: Yes (previously or currently attending)
  • Response option 2: No Go to question 18
14. In which type of program was this schooling in French done?
  • Response option 1: A regular French program in a French-language school
  • Response option 2: A French immersion program in an English-language school Go to question 18
  • Response option 3: Both types of programs
  • Write-in field: Other program—specify
15. For how many years did this person attend a regular French program in a French-language school?
  • Write-in field: Number of years in primary schooling (including kindergarten and middle school) Go to question 18
  • Write-in field: Number of years in secondary schooling Go to question 18
16. Did this person do any of their primary or secondary schooling in an English-language school in Canada (including immersion)?

Specify one option only.

  • Response option 1: Yes (previously or currently attending)
  • Response option 2: No Go to question 18
17. For how many years did this person do their schooling in an English-language school in Canada (including immersion)?
  • Write-in field: Number of years in primary schooling (including kindergarten and middle school)
  • Write-in field: Number of years in secondary schooling

Activities of daily living

The following question is about difficulties a person may have doing certain activities. Only difficulties or long-term conditions that have lasted or are expected to last for six months or more should be considered.

18. a) Does this person have any difficulty seeing (even when wearing glasses or contact lenses)?
  • Response option 1: No
  • Response option 2: Sometimes
  • Response option 3: Often
  • Response option 4: Always
18. b) Does this person have any difficulty hearing (even when using a hearing aid)?
  • Response option 1: No
  • Response option 2: Sometimes
  • Response option 3: Often
  • Response option 4: Always
18. c) Does this person have any difficulty walking, using stairs, using their hands or fingers or doing other physical activities?
  • Response option 1: No
  • Response option 2: Sometimes
  • Response option 3: Often
  • Response option 4: Always
18. d) Does this person have any difficulty learning, remembering or concentrating?
  • Response option 1: No
  • Response option 2: Sometimes
  • Response option 3: Often
  • Response option 4: Always
18. e) Does this person have any emotional, psychological or mental health conditions (e.g., anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, substance abuse, anorexia, etc.)?
  • Response option 1: No
  • Response option 2: Sometimes
  • Response option 3: Often
  • Response option 4: Always
18. f) Does this person have any other health problem or long-term condition that has lasted or is expected to last for six months or more?

Exclude: any health problems previously reported in questions 18. a) to 18. e) above.

  • Response option 1: No
  • Response option 2: Sometimes
  • Response option 3: Often
  • Response option 4: Always

Sociocultural information

19. Where was this person born?

Specify one response only, according to present boundaries.

Born in Canada

  • Response option 1: Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Response option 2: Prince Edward Island
  • Response option 3: Nova Scotia
  • Response option 4: New Brunswick
  • Response option 5: Quebec
  • Response option 6: Ontario
  • Response option 7: Manitoba
  • Response option 8: Saskatchewan
  • Response option 9: Alberta
  • Response option 10: British Columbia
  • Response option 11: Yukon
  • Response option 12: Northwest Territories
  • Response option 13: Nunavut

Born outside Canada

  • Write-in field: Specify country
20. Where were this person's parents born?

Specify the country or countries according to present boundaries.

  • Response option 1: All parents born in Canada
  • Response option 2: All parents born outside Canada
  • Write-in field: Specify the country of birth of each parent
  • Response option 3: One parent born in Canada AND one parent born outside Canada
  • Write-in field: Specify the country of birth outside Canada
21. a) Is this person a Canadian citizen?

"Canadian citizen by naturalization" refers to an immigrant who was granted citizenship of Canada under the Citizenship Act.

  • Response option 1: Yes, a Canadian citizen by birth
  • Response option 2: Yes, a Canadian citizen by naturalization
  • Response option 3: No, not a Canadian citizen
21. b) Is this person a citizen of a country other than Canada?

Specify more than one country of citizenship, if applicable.

  • Response option 1: No
  • Response option 2: Yes
  • Write-in field: Specify the country or countries of citizenship
22. What language(s), other than English or French, can this person speak well enough to conduct a conversation?
  • Response option: None
    OR
  • Write-in field: Other language(s)—specify
23. What were the ethnic or cultural origins of this person's ancestors?

Ancestors may have Indigenous origins, or origins that refer to different countries, or other origins that may not refer to different countries.
For examples of ethnic or cultural origins, visit www12.statcan.gc.ca/ancestry

  • Write-in field: Specify as many origins as applicable using capital letters
24. Is this person First Nations, Métis, or Inuk (Inuit)?

Note: First Nations (North American Indian) includes Status and Non-Status Indians.

If "Yes", specify the option(s) that best describe(s) this person now.

  • Response option 1: No, not First Nations, Métis or Inuk (Inuit) Continue with the next question
    OR
  • Response option 2: Yes, First Nations (North American Indian) Go to question 26
  • Response option 3: Yes, Métis Go to question 26
  • Response option 4: Yes, Inuk (Inuit) Go to question 26

Question 25 collects information in accordance with the Employment Equity Act and its Regulations and Guidelines to support programs that promote equal opportunity for everyone to share in the social, cultural, and economic life of Canada.

25. Is this person:

Specify more than one answer, if applicable.

  • Response option 1: White
  • Response option 2: South Asian (for example, East Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan)
  • Response option 3: Chinese
  • Response option 4: Black
  • Response option 5: Filipino
  • Response option 6: Arab
  • Response option 7: Latin American
  • Response option 8: Southeast Asian (for example, Vietnamese, Cambodian, Laotian, Thai)
  • Response option 9: West Asian (for example, Iranian, Afghan)
  • Response option 10: Korean
  • Response option 11: Japanese
  • Write-in field: Other group—specify
26. Is this person a Status Indian (Registered or Treaty Indian as defined by the Indian Act of Canada)?
  • Response option 1: No
  • Response option 2: Yes, Status Indian (Registered or Treaty)
27. Is this person a member of a First Nation or Indian band?

If "Yes", which First Nation or Indian band?

For example, Soowahlie Indian Band, Sturgeon Lake First Nation, Atikamekw of Manawan.

  • Response option 1: No
  • Response option 2: Yes, member of a First Nation or Indian band
  • Write-in field: Specify name of First Nation or Indian band
28. Is this person a registered member of a Métis organization or Settlement?

If "Yes", which Métis organization or Settlement?

Note: Specify one of the listed signatories of the Canada-Métis Nation Accord or specify a Métis organization or Metis Settlement (for example, Kikino Metis Settlement).

  • Response option 1: No
  • Response option 2: Yes, registered member of a Métis organization or Settlement

Name of Métis organization or Settlement

  • Response option 1: Métis Nation of Ontario
  • Response option 2: Manitoba Metis Federation
  • Response option 3: Métis Nation — Saskatchewan
  • Response option 4: Métis Nation of Alberta
  • Response option 5: Métis Nation British Columbia
    OR
  • Write-in field: Specify organization or Settlement
29. Is this person enrolled under, or a beneficiary of, an Inuit land claims agreement?
  • Response option 1: No
  • Response option 2: Yes

Which Inuit land claims agreement?

  • Response option 1: Inuvialuit Final Agreement
  • Response option 2: Nunavut Agreement (Nunavut Land Claims Agreement)
  • Response option 3: James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement (Nunavik)
  • Response option 4: Labrador Inuit Land Claims Agreement (Nunatsiavut)
    OR
  • Write-in field: Specify agreement
30. What is this person's religion?

Indicate a specific denomination or religion even if this person is not currently a practising member of that group.

For example, Roman Catholic, Muslim, United Church, Anglican, Hindu, Sikh, Baptist, Pentecostal, Buddhist, Jewish, Lutheran, Presbyterian, Greek Orthodox, etc.

For additional examples of denominations and religions, visit www12.statcan.gc.ca/religion-e

  • Write-in field: Specify one denomination or religion only
    OR
  • Response option: No religion

Mobility

31. Where did this person live 1 year ago, that is, on May 14, 2023?

Specify one option only.

Note: For those who specify the fourth option: Please give the name of the city or town rather than the metropolitan area of which it is a part.

For example:

  • Saanich rather than Victoria (metropolitan area)
  • St. Albert rather than Edmonton (metropolitan area)
  • Laval rather than Montréal (metropolitan area).
  • Response option 1: Born after May 14, 2023
  • Response option 2: Lived at the same address as now
  • Response option 3: Lived at a different address in the same city, town, village, township, municipality or First Nations reserve
  • Response option 4: Lived in a different city, town, village, township, municipality or First Nations reserve in Canada
  • Write-in field: Specify the name of the city, town, village, township, municipality or First Nations reserve of residence 1 year ago
  • Write-in field: Province/territory
  • Write-in field: Postal code
  • Response option 5: Lived outside Canada
  • Write-in field: Specify the country of residence 1 year ago
32. Where did this person live 5 years ago, that is, on May 14, 2019?

Specify one option only.

Note: For those who select the fourth option: Please give the name of the city or town rather than the metropolitan area of which it is a part.

For example:

  • Saanich rather than Victoria (metropolitan area)
  • St. Albert rather than Edmonton (metropolitan area)
  • Laval rather than Montréal (metropolitan area).
  • Response option 1: Born after May 14, 2019
  • Response option 2: Lived at the same address as now
  • Response option 3: Lived at a different address in the same city, town, village, township, municipality or First Nations reserve
  • Response option 4: Lived in a different city, town, village, township, municipality or First Nations reserve in Canada
  • Write-in field: Specify the name of the city, town, village, township, municipality or First Nations reserve of residence 5 years ago
  • Write-in field: Province/territory
  • Write-in field: Postal code
  • Response option 5: Lived outside Canada
  • Write-in field: Specify the country of residence 5 years ago

Continue only for each person aged 15 years and over (born before May 14, 2009).

Education

33. Has this person completed a high school (secondary school) diploma or equivalent?

Include qualifications obtained in Canada or outside Canada.

Examples of high school equivalency certificates are General Educational Development (GED) and Adult Basic Education (ABE).

High school diploma or certificate

  • Response option 1: Yes, high school diploma
  • Response option 2: Yes, high school equivalency certificate
  • Response option 3: No
34. a) Has this person completed a Registered Apprenticeship or other trades certificate or diploma?

Include qualifications obtained in Canada or outside Canada.

Specify all that apply.

For example, hairstyling, cooking, electrician, carpentry.

Registered Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma

  • Response option 1: Yes, Certificate of Apprenticeship or Certificate of Qualification (Journeyperson's designation)
  • Response option 2: Yes, other trades certificate or diploma
  • Response option 3: No
34. b) Has this person completed a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma?

Include qualifications obtained in Canada or outside Canada.

Exclude any certificates or diplomas reported in question 34. a) above.

Specify all that apply.

For example, accounting technology, industrial engineering technology, legal assistant.

College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma

  • Response option 1: Yes, certificate or diploma from a program of less than 3 months
  • Response option 2: Yes, certificate or diploma from a program of 3 months to less than 1 year
  • Response option 3: Yes, certificate or diploma from a program of 1 year to 2 years
  • Response option 4: Yes, certificate or diploma from a program of more than 2 years
  • Response option 5: No
34. c) Has this person completed a university certificate, diploma or degree?

Include qualifications obtained in Canada or outside Canada.

Specify all that apply.

University certificate, diploma or degree

  • Response option 1: Yes, university certificate or diploma below bachelor level
  • Response option 2: Yes, bachelor's degree (e.g., B.A., B.A. (Hons.), B.Sc., B.Ed., LL.B.)
  • Response option 3: Yes, university certificate or diploma above bachelor level
  • Response option 4: Yes, degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry (M.D., D.D.S., D.M.D., D.V.M., O.D.)
  • Response option 5: Yes, master's degree (e.g., M.A., M.Sc., M.Ed., M.B.A.)
  • Response option 6: Yes, earned doctorate (e.g., Ph.D.)
  • Response option 7: No
35. What was the major field of study of the highest certificate, diploma or degree that this person completed?

Please be specific. For example, automobile mechanics, health care attendant, medical laboratory technology, civil engineering, agricultural economics.

Print in capital letters as follows: COMPUTER ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY

  • Write-in field: Major field of study of highest certificate, diploma or degree
    OR
  • Response option: No certificate, diploma or degree higher than high school Go to question 37. a)
36. In what province, territory or country did this person complete their highest certificate, diploma or degree?
  • Write-in field: In Canada—specify province or territory
    OR
  • Write-in field: Outside Canada—specify country
37. a) At any time since September 2023, was this person attending school, such as high school, college, CEGEP or university?

Report only attendance for courses that can be used as credits towards a certificate, diploma or degree. Distance learning for credit is included.

Attendance at any time since September 2023

  • Response option 1: Yes Continue with the next question
  • Response option 2: No, was not attending school at any time since September 2023 Go to question 38
37. b) What type of school was this person attending?

Specify all that apply.

At any time since September 2023

  • Response option 1: Was attending elementary, junior high school or high school
  • Response option 2: Was attending college, CEGEP, business school, technical institute, trade school or other non-university institution
  • Response option 3: Was attending university

Labour market activities

Note: Many of the following questions refer to the week from Sunday, May 5 to Saturday, May 11, 2024.

38. During the week of Sunday, May 5 to Saturday, May 11, 2024, how many hours did this person work for pay or in self-employment?

Please enter the total number of hours worked for pay or in self-employment at all jobs held during the week of May 5 to May 11.

Exclude number of hours:

  • away due to illness, on vacation or any other reasons.

Include the number of hours:

  • working for wages, salary, tips, or commission
  • working overtime
  • working in their own business, farm or professional practice, alone or in partnership
  • working directly towards the operation of a family farm or business without formal pay arrangements (for example, assisting in seeding, doing accounts)
  • Write-in field: Number of hours (to the nearest hour) Go to question 44
    OR
  • Response option: None Continue with the next question
39. During the week of May 5 to May 11, 2024, was this person on temporary lay-off or absent from their job or business?

Specify one option only.

  • Response option 1: No
  • Response option 2: Yes, on temporary lay-off from a job to which this person expects to return
  • Response option 3: Yes, on vacation, ill, on strike or locked out, or absent for other reasons
40. During the week of May 5 to May 11, 2024, did this person have definite arrangements to start a new job within the next four weeks?
  • Response option 1: No
  • Response option 2: Yes
41. Did this person look for paid work during the four weeks from April 14 to May 11, 2024?

For example, did this person contact an employment centre, check with employers, place or answer Internet ads, etc.?

Specify one option only.

  • Response option 1: No Go to question 43
  • Response option 2: Yes, looked for full-time work
  • Response option 3: Yes, looked for part-time work (less than 30 hours per week)
42. Could this person have started a job during the week of Sunday, May 5 to Saturday, May 11, 2024 had one been available?

Specify one option only.

  • Response option 1: Yes, could have started a job
  • Response option 2: No, already had a job
  • Response option 3: No, because of temporary illness or disability
  • Response option 4: No, because of personal or family responsibilities
  • Response option 5: No, going to school
  • Response option 6: Other reasons
43. When did this person last work for pay or in self-employment, even for a few days?

Specify one option only.

  • Response option 1: In 2024 Continue with the next question
  • Response option 2: In 2023 Continue with the next question
  • Response option 3: Before 2023 Go to question 57
  • Response option 4: Never Go to question 57

Note: Questions 44 to 50. b) refer to this person's job or business during the week of May 5 to May 11, 2024. If this person held no job, answer for the job of longest duration since January 1, 2023. If this person held more than one job, answer for the job at which they worked the most hours.

44. For whom did this person work?

For self-employed persons, enter the name of their business. If the business does not have a name, enter the person's name.

Print in capital letters as follows:

Name of firm, government department, etc.

ABC CONCRETE PRODUCTS LIMITED

  • Write-in field: Name of firm, government department, etc.
  • Write-in field: Section, plant, department, etc. (if applicable)
45. What kind of business, industry or service was this?

Please be specific. For example:

  • primary school
  • municipal police
  • wheat farm
  • shoe store
  • road construction
  • web design
  • etc.
  • Write-in field: Kind of business, industry or service
46. What was this person's work or occupation?

Please be specific. For example:

  • automobile appraiser
  • web developer
  • civil engineer
  • secondary school teacher
  • etc.

(If in the Armed Forces, give rank.)

  • Write-in field: Occupation
47. In this work, what were this person's main activities?

Please be specific. For example:

  • estimated collision damage cost
  • developed web applications for clients
  • designed and built bridges
  • taught mathematics
  • etc.
  • Write-in field: Main activities
48. In this job or business, was this person an employee, self-employed, or an unpaid family worker?

Specify one option only.

  • Response option 1: Employee
  • Response option 1.1: Permanent position—no fixed end date Go to question 50. a)
  • Response option 1.2: Fixed-term position (1 year or more) Go to question 50. a)
  • Response option 1.3: Casual, seasonal or short-term position (less than 1 year) Go to question 50. a)
  • Response option 2: Unpaid family worker (without pay or salary) for their spouse or another relative in a family business or farm Go to question 50. a)
  • Response option 3: Self-employed without employee(s) (alone or in partnership)
  • Response option 4: Self-employed with employee(s) (alone or in partnership)
49. Was this person's farm or business incorporated?
  • Response option 1: No
  • Response option 2: Yes
50. a) In this job, what language(s) did this person use on a regular basis?
  • Response option 1: English
  • Response option 2: French
  • Write-in field: Other language(s)—specify

If this person indicates only one language in question 50. a), go to question 51.

50. b) Of these languages, which one did this person use most often in this job?

Indicate more than one language only if they were used equally at work.

  • Response option 1: English
  • Response option 2: French
  • Write-in field: Other language—specify

Questions 51, 52 and 53 are only for persons aged 15 years and over with a job or absent from their job or business during the week of Sunday, May 5 to Saturday, May 11, 2024.

51. At what address did this person usually work most of the time?

Example: 365 Laurier Ave. West

  • Number: 365
  • Name: Laurier
  • Type: Ave.
  • Direction: West

If the street address is unknown or if the address is a post office box, specify the building or nearest street intersection. Do not give a post office box number.

If the address of work is different than the address of the employer, please provide the address where this person actually works (for example, school teachers should provide the address of their school, not the address of the school board).

If this person held more than one job, answer for the job at which they worked the most hours.

  • Response option 1: Worked at home (including farms) Go to question 54. a)
  • Response option 2: Worked outside Canada Go to question 54. a)
  • Response option 3: No fixed workplace address Continue with next question
  • Response option 4: Worked at the address specified below
  • Write-in field: Street address
  • Write-in field: City, town, village, township, municipality or First Nations reserve
  • Province/territory
  • Response option 1: Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Response option 2: Prince Edward Island
  • Response option 3: Nova Scotia
  • Response option 4: New Brunswick
  • Response option 5: Quebec
  • Response option 6: Ontario
  • Response option 7: Manitoba
  • Response option 8: Saskatchewan
  • Response option 9: Alberta
  • Response option 10: British Columbia
  • Response option 11: Yukon
  • Response option 12: Northwest Territories
  • Response option 13: Nunavut
  • Write-in field: Postal code
52. a) What modes of commuting did this person usually use to get to work?

Specify as many options as applicable.

Specify "Subway or elevated rail" for:

  • Vancouver SkyTrain
  • Toronto Subway/RT
  • Montréal Metro

Specify "Light rail, streetcar or commuter train" for:

  • Vancouver West Coast Express
  • Calgary CTrain
  • Edmonton LRT
  • Toronto streetcars
  • Toronto GO Train
  • Ottawa O-Train
  • Montréal commuter trains
  • Kitchener-Waterloo ION LRT
  • Response option 1: Car, truck or van—as a driver
  • Response option 2: Car, truck or van—as a passenger
  • Response option 3: Bus
  • Response option 4: Subway or elevated rail
  • Response option 5: Light rail, streetcar or commuter train
  • Response option 6: Passenger ferry
  • Response option 7: Walked to work
  • Response option 8: Bicycle
  • Response option 9: Motorcycle, scooter or moped
  • Response option 10: Other method
52. b) What main mode of commuting did this person usually use to get to work?

Specify one option only.

If this person used more than one mode of commuting to work, select the one used for most of the travel distance.

  • Response option 1: Car, truck or van—as a driver Go to question 52. c)
  • Response option 2: Car, truck or van—as a passenger Go to question 52. c)
  • Response option 3: Bus Go to question 53. a)
  • Response option 4: Subway or elevated rail Go to question 53. a)
  • Response option 5: Light rail, streetcar or commuter train Go to question 53. a)
  • Response option 6: Passenger ferry Go to question 53. a)
  • Response option 7: Walked to work Go to question 53. a)
  • Response option 8: Bicycle Go to question 53. a)
  • Response option 9: Motorcycle, scooter or moped Go to question 53. a)
  • Response option 10: Other method Go to question 53. a)
52. c) How many workers, including this person, usually ride in this car, truck or van to work?
  • Response option 1: 1 worker
  • Response option 2: 2 workers
  • Response option 3: 3 or more workers
53. a) What time did this person's trip to work usually begin?
  • Write-in field: Specify hour
  • Write in field: Specify minutes
  • Response option 1: a.m.
  • Response option 2: p.m.
53. b) How many minutes did this person's trip to work usually last?
  • Write-in field: Number of minutes
54. a) How many weeks did this person work in 2023, including paid vacation?

A year has 52 weeks.

Include:

  • paid vacation and sick leave paid by the employer
  • weeks worked part time, even for a few hours.

Exclude:

  • weeks absent and not paid by the employer, such as maternity or disability leave, etc.
  • Response option: None Go to question 54. b)
  • OR
  • Write-in field: Number of weeks—Including paid vacation and sick leave paid for by the employer and excluding absences unpaid by the employer, such as maternity, parental or disability leave, etc.
    Continue with question 54. b) if you answered less than 49 weeks for this person.
    Go to question 55. a) if you answered 49 to 52 weeks for this person.
54. b) What was the main reason this person did not work for the whole year in 2023, meaning from 49 to 52 weeks?

Specify one option only.

  • Response option 1: Illness or disability of this person
  • Response option 2: Pregnancy, or maternity or parental leave
  • Response option 3: Student at school, college or university, or attending training
  • Response option 4: Cared for own child(ren) or relative(s)
  • Response option 5: Unable to find work that lasted the whole year
  • Response option 6: Retirement
  • Response option 7: Personal choice
  • Response option 8: Seasonal work
  • Write-in field: Other reason--specify
55. a) During most of these weeks, did this person work full time or part time?

Specify one option only.

  • Response option 1: Did not work in 2023 Go to question 57
  • Response option 2: Full time (30 hours or more per week) Go to question 56
  • Response option 3: Part time (less than 30 hours per week)
55. b) What was the main reason this person worked mostly part time instead of full time in 2023?
  • Specify one option only.
  • Response option 1: Personal preference
  • Response option 2: Student at school, college or university, or attending training
  • Response option 3: Business conditions
  • Response option 4: Cared for own child(ren) or relative(s)
  • Response option 5: Illness or incapacity of this person
  • Response option 6: Could not find full-time work
  • Write-in field: Other reason—specify
56. In 2023, did this person pay for child care, such as day care or babysitting, so that this person could work at their paid job(s)?

When child care or day camps help several people work, enter the amount only once.

Answer "Yes" or "No". If "Yes", also enter the total amount for 2023.

  • Response option 1: Yes
  • Write-in field: Total amount of dollars for 2023
  • Response option 2: No
57. In 2023, did this person pay child or spousal support payments to a former spouse or partner?

Support payments are covered by an agreement to pay a fixed amount on a regular basis. Exclude all other gifts or transfers of money. Include only support payments actually paid.

Answer "Yes" or "No". If "Yes", also enter the total amount for 2023.

  • Response option 1: Yes
  • Write-in field: Total amount of dollars for 2023
  • Response option 2: No
58. Does this person pay, partly or entirely, the rent or mortgage, taxes, electricity, etc. for this dwelling?

Mark "Yes" if this person pays the rent or mortgage, taxes, electricity, etc. for this dwelling, even if more than one person contributes to such payments.

A dwelling is a separate set of living quarters with a private entrance from the outside or from a common hallway or stairway inside the building. This entrance should not be through someone else's living quarters.

Do not consider payments for other dwellings such as the school residence of a child, the residence of a former spouse, or another dwelling that you may own or rent.

  • Response option 1: Yes
  • Response option 2: No

Step E

Answer question E1 to E9 about this dwelling.

The questions refer to May 14, 2024, unless otherwise specified.

A dwelling is a separate set of living quarters with a private entrance from the outside or from a common hallway or stairway inside the building. This entrance should not be through someone else's living quarters.

E1. Is this dwelling:

Specify one option only.

  • Response option 1: owned by you or a member of this household (even if it is still being paid for)?
  • Response option 2: rented (even if no cash rent is paid)?

E2. Is this dwelling part of a condominium development?

  • Response option 1: Yes
  • Response option 2: No

E3. a) How many rooms are there in this dwelling?

Count kitchen, bedrooms, finished rooms in attic or basement, etc.

Do not count bathrooms, halls, vestibules and rooms used solely for business purposes.

  • Write-in field: Number of rooms

E3. b) How many of these rooms are bedrooms?

Count all rooms designed as bedrooms, even if they are now used for something else. Also count basement bedrooms.

  • Write-in field: Number of bedrooms

E4. When was this dwelling originally built?

Specify the period in which the building was completed, not the time of any later remodelling, additions or conversions. If year is not known, give best estimate.

  • Response option 1: 1920 or before
  • Response option 2: 1921 to 1945
  • Response option 3: 1946 to 1960
  • Response option 4: 1961 to 1970
  • Response option 5: 1971 to 1980
  • Response option 6: 1981 to 1990
  • Response option 7: 1991 to 1995
  • Response option 8: 1996 to 2000
  • Response option 9: 2001 to 2005
  • Response option 10: 2006 to 2010
  • Response option 11: 2011 to 2015
  • Response option 12: 2016 to 2020
  • Response option 13: 2021 to 2023
  • Response option 14: 2024

E5. Is this dwelling in need of any repairs?

Do not include desirable remodeling or additions.

  • Response option 1: No, only regular maintenance is needed (painting, furnace cleaning, etc.)
  • Response option 2: Yes, minor repairs are needed (missing or loose floor tiles, bricks or shingles; defective steps, railing or siding, etc.)
  • Response option 3: Yes, major repairs are needed (defective plumbing or electrical wiring; structural repairs to walls, floors or ceilings, etc.)

E6. Is this dwelling located on an agricultural operation that is operated by a member of this household?

  • Response option 1: Yes Go to step F
  • Response option 2: No Continue with question E7

Answer questions E7 to E9 for this dwelling even if you own or rent more than one dwelling.

If the exact amount is not known, please give a best estimate.

E7. a) For this dwelling, what are the yearly payments (last 12 months) for electricity?

  • Response option 1: None
  • Response option 2: Included in rent or other payments
    OR
  • Write-in field: Total amount per year in dollars

E7. b) For this dwelling, what are the yearly payments (last 12 months) for oil, gas, coal, wood or other fuels?

  • Response option 1: None
  • Response option 2: Included in rent or other payments
    OR
  • Write-in field: Total amount per year in dollars

E7. c) For this dwelling, what are the yearly payments (last 12 months) for water and other municipal services?

  • Response option 1: None
  • Response option 2: Included in rent or other payments
    OR
  • Write-in field: Total amount per year in dollars

E8. For renters only, answer parts a) and b):

E8. a) What is the monthly rent paid for this dwelling?

  • Response option: Rented without payment of cash rent
    OR
  • Write-in field: Total amount per month in dollars

E8. b) Is this dwelling subsidized?

Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

  • Response option 1: Yes
  • Response option 2: No

E9. For owners only, answer parts a) through e):

E9. a) What are the total regular monthly mortgage or loan payments for this dwelling?

  • Response option: None Go to part c)
    OR
  • Write-in field: Total amount per month in dollars

E9. b) Are the property taxes (municipal and school) included in monthly mortgage or loan payments indicated in the previous question?

  • Response option 1: Yes Go to part d)
  • Response option 2: No

E9. c) What are the estimated yearly property taxes (municipal and school) for this dwelling?

  • Response option: None
    OR
  • Write-in field: Total amount per year in dollars

E9. d) If you were to sell this dwelling now, for how much would you expect to sell it?

  • Write-in field: Total amount in dollars

E9. e) What are the monthly condominium fees?

  • Response option: None
    OR
  • Write-in field: Total amount per month in dollars

Step F

If more than five persons live here, you will need an extra questionnaire; call 1-833-739-2024.

You have now completed your questionnaire. Please mail it today. If you have lost the return envelope, please mail the questionnaire to:

Statistics Canada
PO BOX 99996 STN FED-GOVT
Ottawa, K1A 9Z6

Thank you for your cooperation.

Comments

Please use the space provided below if you have concerns, suggestions or comments to make about:

  • the steps to follow or the content of this questionnaire (for example, a question that was difficult to understand or to answer)
  • the characteristics of the questionnaire (for example, the design, the format, the size of the text).

That law protects what you tell us

The confidentiality of your responses is protected by law. All Statistics Canada employees have taken an oath of secrecy. Your personal information cannot be given to anyone outside Statistics Canada without your consent. This is your right.

Part 2

What is the census?

Statistics Canada is conducting a census test to evaluate new and modified questions along with the collection procedures and tools in preparation for the 2026 Census of Population.

A sample of approximately 187,000 dwellings has been selected to participate in this census test. Since accuracy depends on complete information, each household selected to participate in this test must, by law, complete and return their questionnaire.

Why is the 2024 Census Test important?

Leading up to the 2024 Census Test, Statistics Canada held content consultations on the census questionnaire. Responses were provided by various data users, including federal, provincial, territorial and local government departments; First Nations people, Métis and Inuit; the general public; academia; special interest groups; and the private sector.

Factors considered in developing census content include legislative requirements, program and policy needs, burden on respondents when answering questions, privacy concerns, input from consultation and testing, data quality, cost and operational considerations, historical comparability, and availability of alternative data sources.

Based on the content consultation results, the 2024 Census Test will assess whether proposed content changes are feasible and whether the content will provide relevant and high-quality data.

What happens to the information you provide?

The information you provide will be kept confidential, in accordance with the Statistics Act. Your information may be used by Statistics Canada in support of our other surveys or for analysis. No one outside of Statistics Canada can have access to information that identifies individuals.

Your role

Information from the census will be used by governments, businesses, associations, community organizations and many others to make important decisions for your community, your province or territory, and the entire country. The information you provide will help ensure that the 2026 Census accurately reflects Canada's changing society.

Why we ask the questions

STEP A – We need your telephone number to contact you in case there is information missing on your questionnaire. We need your address, as well as your mailing address, to ensure that all dwellings are counted.

STEPS B and C – These steps help you decide who should be included and who should not be included on your questionnaire. They help us ensure that we have counted everyone we need to count and that no one is counted twice.

STEP D – The spaces at question 1 at the top of page 4 allow you to copy the names from Step B.

BASIC DEMOGRAPHIC INFORMATION – These questions provide information about the demographic characteristics of people in Canada. This information is used by all levels of government to make important decisions, such as planning community services and social programs, including Old Age Security and the Canada Child Benefit. It is also used by municipalities to plan a variety of services, such as child care, schools, hospitals and emergency services.

LANGUAGES – These questions are used to provide a profile of the linguistic diversity of Canada's population. This information is used to estimate the need for services in English and French, and to better understand the current state and the evolution of Canada's various language groups, including official languages, Indigenous languages and other non-official languages. The questionnaire also collects information on languages used at work.

LANGUAGE OF INSTRUCTION – These questions are used to collect information in accordance with the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms to support education programs in English and French in Canada.

ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING – This question provides information on the number of people in Canada who may have difficulties doing certain activities, including those who may have a long-term physical, mental or other health condition. This information is used to identify people who are likely to have a disability. Statistics Canada will then follow up with a more detailed survey.

GENERAL HEALTH – This question seeks information on the health status of people in Canada to help plan policies, programs and services for the health care system. General health is an indicator of overall health status. General health refers to the perception of a person's health in general, either by the person, or by the person in the household who is completing the census questionnaire.

PLACE OF BIRTH – These questions tell us about where people and their parents were born. They provide information on the diversity of Canada's population, and on the movement of people within Canada and from other countries to Canada. This information is also used to assess the social and economic conditions of second-generation Canadians, and helps us understand Canada's immigration history.

CITIZENSHIP – This question provides information on the citizenship status of Canada's population. This information is used to estimate the number of potential voters and to plan citizenship classes and programs. It also provides information about the population with multiple citizenships.

ETHNIC OR CULTURAL ORIGINS – This question provides information about ethnic and cultural diversity in Canada. This information is used by associations, agencies and researchers for activities such as health promotion, communications and social support programs.

INDIGENOUS PEOPLES – These questions provide information used by governments, including First Nations, Métis and Inuit governments and organizations, to develop programs and services for First Nations people, Métis and Inuit.

CANADIAN MILITARY EXPERIENCE – This question provides information on the number of people with Canadian military experience. Governments will use this information to develop programs and services to meet the changing needs of the Veteran population.

POPULATION GROUPS (VISIBLE MINORITIES) – This question helps collect data that are used by governments, businesses, community groups, health care providers, researchers and a variety of organizations throughout the country to support programs that provide equal opportunity for everyone to share in the social, cultural and economic life of Canada.

RELIGION – This question provides information about religious affiliation and diversity. This information is used to help understand changes in Canadian society, as well as to plan facilities and services within diverse communities.

MOBILITY – These questions tell us where residents of Canada are moving to and where they are moving from. This information is used to look at the characteristics of people who move and to identify needs for housing, education, health, transportation and social services.

SECOND ADDRESS – The main objective of these questions is to collect statistical information on populations who live part of the year in another location than their main residence for reasons related to vacation, work, study, health or family. This information will be used by organizations that deliver services to these populations.

HOMELESSNESS – These questions provide information on people's experiences with homelessness and other housing challenges over the past 12 months. This information is used by organizations and governments to support communities in addressing homelessness.

EDUCATION – These questions provide information on the education, training and recent school attendance of residents of Canada. Governments use this information to develop training and other programs to meet the changing needs of the workforce and of specific groups, such as immigrants, First Nations people, Métis, Inuit, and youth.

LABOUR MARKET ACTIVITIES – These questions provide information on Canada's workforce, including the industries and occupations in which people work. Employment information is used to assess the economic conditions of communities and specific populations, such as First Nations people, Métis, Inuit and immigrants. Industry and occupation information is used to forecast job opportunities.

COMMUTING TO WORK – These questions tell us where people work and how they get to work. This information is used to assess commuting patterns, public transit needs and energy use. Commuting information also helps urban planners identify locations for new hospitals, schools, and daycare and recreational facilities, as well as the need for roads and other travel networks.

EXPENDITURES – These questions provide information on expenses related to child care and support payments. Along with the income information obtained from personal income tax and benefit records, these questions are used to derive disposable income to measure poverty in Canada. This information is also used to better understand the use of child care and the role of support payments in Canadian society.

HOUSING – These questions provide information used to develop housing communities and projects. Information on the number of rooms and bedrooms in homes, and on housing costs, is used to assess levels of crowding within dwellings and housing affordability. Such indicators are used by numerous organizations to help develop housing programs supporting the housing needs of Canadians. Information on the age of dwellings and the need for repairs is used by municipalities to develop neighbourhood improvement programs.